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Common Mammal Species of Northwestern Ontario

BIRDS

FISHES

REPTILES

INSECTS

   
Martes americana
Pine Marten

Description

Distinguishing Features - Overall colouration, lustrous fur, varying from pale buff to dark brown; underparts paler brown. Ears, pale with whitish edges. Body, long; feet, dark brown; claws, semi-retractable.

Marten Size -
Male: .54 - 63 m (1.8 - 2.1 ft)
Female: .48 - .6 m (1.6 - 2 ft)

Habitat

Throughout Northwestern Ontario, preferring mature coniferous forests; also in mixed stands and cedar swamps; sometimes around picnic sites, logging camps and garbage dumps.

Diet

Primarily a carnivore; rodents; also birds, insects, reptiles, fish, crayfish, fruits and carrion.

Notes

Although it has been extensively trapped for its fur in the past, the marten population is stable. A female will produce one litter of 3 - 4 offspring a year.



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