Distinguishing Features - Primarily black; white stripe on side of head, down neck and as accents on wings. Crest red. Male and female similar in colouration but the male displays red on forehead and at the base of the bill.
Size - 40.5 - 49.5 cm (16.25 - 19.75 in).
Established, mature woodstands, primarily conifer stands with standing dead trees.
Excavates a cavity in a deciduous or coniferous tree. Eggs, 3 - 4; white. Incubation period 17 - 19 days.
The largest of our woodpeckers. The Pilated Woodpecker's song is a simple, low-pitched Cuk-cuk-cuk.
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