Larus Argentatus – Herring Gull

Larus Argentatus - Herring Gull

Distinguishing Features – Head, neck, tail and under parts, white; back and wing covers, pearly gray. Wing tips, black with small white tip on each feather. Bill, yellow with a red spot at end of lower mandible. Eye, yellowish; eye-ring yellowy-orange. Legs, flesh colour. Male and female are essentially indistinguishable. Size – 58.5 – 66 … Read more

Gavia Immer – Common Loon

Gavia Immer - Common Loon

Distinguishing Features – Head and neck, black with greenish reflections; partial white collar on neck; white bar with black vertical stripes on the throat. Back, black, boldly patterned with white accents; belly, white. Bill, black, straight, tapered to a sharp point. Eye, red. Male and females are essentially indistinguishable. Size – 71 – 89 cm … Read more

Aix Sponsa – Wood Duck

Aix Sponsa - Wood Duck

Distinguishing Features: MALE – Alternate plumage is worn from fall through early summer. Red bill; red eye; green head; striking white stripes about-face and crest with a large white throat patch and “fingerlike” extensions onto cheek and neck; chestnut breast and neck with vertical white stripe at the lower margin; golden flanks bordered above by … Read more

Anas Platyrhynchos – Mallard

Anas Platyrhynchos - Mallard

Distinguishing Features: MALE – Head and neck, green with narrow white collar. Lower neck and breast, dark brown; upper parts and tops of wings, essentially a browny-gray, with violet wing patches edged top and bottom with white. Bill, greeny-yellow; legs, orange. FEMALE – Head, buff, streaked with darker brown; throat, lightly spotted. Upper parts darker … Read more

Branta Canadensis – Canada Goose

Branta Canadensis - Canada Goose

Distinguishing Features – Head and neck, black; large white patch on cheeks. The upper parts and wings are grayish-brown. Feathers tipped with browny-white. Underbody, browny-gray with pale feather tips. Rump, slate; upper tail coverts, white; tail, black; lower belly and under tail coverts, white. Neck, long. Bill and legs, black. Male and female are essentially … Read more

Bonasa Umbellus – Ruffed Grouse – “Partridge”

Bonasa Umbellus - Ruffed Grouse Partridge

Distinguishing Features – Ruffed grouse is predominantly reddy-brown. Head adorned with slight crest. Tail, multi-barred with a dark subterminal band. Identifiable from other grouse by dark brown, broad, longish feathers on the sides of the neck (also known as a ruff, hence the name). Female smaller, with smaller ruffs and tail. Size – 40.5 – … Read more

Ceryle Alcyon – Belted Kingfisher

Ceryle Alcyon - Belted Kingfisher

Distinguishing Features – Upper parts, blue; white band around the neck; breast and underparts, white except for blue on sides and band across the upper breast; white spot in front of eye. Large crested head; straight pointed bill; short legs with small feet. Female similar to male but displays a brownish breast band below the … Read more

Archilochus Colubris – Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Archilochus Colubris - Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Distinguishing Features – Upper parts, shiny green; throat, bright red; breast and mid-abdomen, greyish white; sides breyish brown with glossy green. Tail, forked. Female Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are similar to males but throats greyish white and their tail is not forked. Size – 7.5 – 9.4 cm (3 – 3.75 in) Habitat Woodland clearings, gardens, and … Read more

Colaptes Auratus – Northern Flicker

Colaptes Auratus Northern Flicker

Distinguishing Features – Crown and back of the neck, gray; back, wings, olive-brown with black bars; rump, white; side of the head, throat, and upper breast, brownish. Red crescent at the nape of neck; black crescent across the breast; black patches below eye; underbody whitish, heavily spotted in black. Male and female but the female … Read more

Melanerpes Erythrocephalus – Red-headed Woodpecker

Melanerpes Erythrocephalus - Red-headed Woodpecker

Distinguishing Features – Primarily black; rump, secondary wing feathers, and underbody, white; Complete head, neck and upper breast, red. Male and female are indistinguishable but the female is slightly smaller. Size – 22 – 25 cm (8.75 – 10 in) Habitat Large, mature trees in open woodlands. Nesting Excavates a cavity in the dead wood … Read more