Common Reptile and Amphibian Species

Northern Leopard Frog Spring Peeper Boreal Chorus Frog Green Frog Mink Frog Wood Frog American Toad Blue-spotted Salamander Yellow-spotted Salamander Eastern Newt Painted Turtle Snapping Turtle Eastern Garter Snake  

Northwestern Ontario Forest – Virtual Zoo: Common Mammal Species

Moose White-tailed Deer Caribou Gray Wolf “Timber Wolf” Coyote “Brush Wolf” Red Fox Bobcat Lynx Mountain Lion Black Bear Snowshoe Hare Raccoon Porcupine Beaver Northern River Otter Muskrat Pine Marten Fisher Ermine Mink Groundhog Striped Skunk Red Squirrel Least Chipmunk Deer Mouse Pygmy Shrew Southern Red-backed Vole Little Brown Bat

Amur Leopard – Panthera Pardus Orientalis

Distinguishing Features – The Amur leopard is well adapted to the harsh climate of its range. The hairs of its summer pelt are 2.5 cm long but in winter they are replaced by 7 cm long ones. Apart from its long winter coat the Amur leopard is easily told apart from other leopard subspecies by … Read more

Porcupine – Erethizon Dorsatum

Distinguishing Features – Overall colouration, glossy yellowy-brown, darker on back. Back and tail covered with thousands of sharp-pointed quills. Legs, short. Size 6 – .9 m (2 – 3 ft) Habitat Widespread throughout Northwestern Ontario, in mixed wood forests, preferring pine habitats. Diet Mainly a herbivor, the porcupine’s diet consists of leaves of shrubs and … Read more

Kayla Quinn – “Our Forests, Our Future”

Imagine a world with bright blue skies, a glowing sun full of hope, a sparkling waterfall flowing down a grand mountain, the greenest grass you ever saw, there are kids playing in the backyards, not a cloud in sight or it could go the other way. Now imagine a world with murky, gray skies, smog … Read more

Bobcat – Lynx Rufus

Distinguishing Features – Overall colouration, tawny brown above, dotted with numerous blackish spots along the midline of the back. Underside, whitish with dark spots. Short tail, blackish above and white below. Legs, tawny with blackish horizontal streaks. Prominent streaked ruff on cheeks extending below the jaw. Ears, short with dark ear tufts. Can be mistaken … Read more

Siberian Musk Deer – Moschus Moschiferus

Distinguishing Features – The Siberian musk deer is a small member of the deer family; it weighs 7 – 17 kg (15 – 38 lb). The male has canine teeth which grow to a length of 8 cm (3″) and project well below the lips. Habitat The Siberian musk deer prefers forest and brushland at … Read more

European Mole – Talpa Europaea

Distinguishing Features – Length: 12 – 14 cm; tail: 2 – 4 cm; weight 60 – 120 g; the female is slightly smaller and lighter than the male. This is a burrowing animal, with a cylindrical body ending in a short tail, with an indistinct neck, with front paws developed in the shape of a … Read more

Groundhog “Woodchuck” – Marmota Monax

Distinguishing Features – Overall colouration, varying, from pale buff to black with buff-tipped guard hairs, giving a “salt and pepper” appearance; dark brown to black on tail and feet. Heavy-bodied; short-legged. Size 45.7 – 65 cm (18 – 25.6 in) Habitat Widespread throughout Northwestern Ontario; prefers pastures and fields; forest edges. Diet Grazer; vegetative parts … Read more

Muskrat – Ondatra Zibethicus

Distinguishing Features – Overall colouration, silvery-brown to dark brown oily, waterproof fur with chestnut to hazel sides; underparts, grayish; tail flattened vertically, without fur; hind feet, partially webbed. Size Male: .48 – .6 m (1.6 – 2 ft) Female: .51 – .57 m (1.7 – 1.9 ft) Habitat Common throughout Northwestern Ontario, primarily in lakes, … Read more