Bobcat – Lynx Rufus

Distinguishing Features – Overall colouration, tawny brown above, dotted with numerous blackish spots along the midline of the back. Underside, whitish with dark spots. Short tail, blackish above and white below. Legs, tawny with blackish horizontal streaks. Prominent streaked ruff on cheeks extending below the jaw. Ears, short with dark ear tufts. Can be mistaken … Read more

Speckled Alder – Alnus Rugosa

General – – shrub or small tree up to 4 metres (13 feet) high; branchiets light reddish-brown, hairy, not sticky; older twigs dark brown to purplish-black, hairless, dotted with conspicuous light warty dots, pith 3-sided; often growing in clumps or thickets, hummock-forming. Speckled Alder Leaves – Leaves – alternate; egg-shaped or broadly oval, rounded to … Read more

Order Hymenoptera – Wasps, ants, bees

Generally Hymenoptera have chewing mouthparts but some species have specialized chewing-lapping mouthparts as do the bumble bees. They pass through complete metamorphosis, (egg, larva, pupa, adult). Winged members of this order have four membranous wings. Most Hymenoptera are beneficial insects. Many bees, wasps and hornets pollinate flowers which is important in the survival of a … Read more

Siberian Musk Deer – Moschus Moschiferus

Distinguishing Features – The Siberian musk deer is a small member of the deer family; it weighs 7 – 17 kg (15 – 38 lb). The male has canine teeth which grow to a length of 8 cm (3″) and project well below the lips. Habitat The Siberian musk deer prefers forest and brushland at … Read more

Wild Lily-of-the-Valley “Canada Mayflower”

General – a perennial from slender, branched, creeping rhizomes; stems single, erect, 5 – 25 cm tall, hairy at least above. Wild Lily-of-the-Valley Leaves – alternate, 1 – 3 on flowering stem; broadly heart-shaped to oval, 2 – 8 cm long, pointed at tip, somewhat hairy; short stalked or stalkless; 1 long-stalked leaf at stem … Read more

European Mole – Talpa Europaea

Distinguishing Features – Length: 12 – 14 cm; tail: 2 – 4 cm; weight 60 – 120 g; the female is slightly smaller and lighter than the male. This is a burrowing animal, with a cylindrical body ending in a short tail, with an indistinct neck, with front paws developed in the shape of a … Read more

Canada Fly Honeysuckle – Lonicera Canadensis

General – a loosely branched or straggling shrub, up to1 m high, erect; branchlets green to purplish, smooth; shredding bark on older stems. Canada Fly Honeysuckle Leaves – opposite; ovate to elliptic; thin, bright pale green; margins entire; surfaces essentially hairless; margins fringed with fine hairs. Flowers – in drooping pairs from long, slender stalks; … Read more

Groundhog “Woodchuck” – Marmota Monax

Distinguishing Features – Overall colouration, varying, from pale buff to black with buff-tipped guard hairs, giving a “salt and pepper” appearance; dark brown to black on tail and feet. Heavy-bodied; short-legged. Size 45.7 – 65 cm (18 – 25.6 in) Habitat Widespread throughout Northwestern Ontario; prefers pastures and fields; forest edges. Diet Grazer; vegetative parts … Read more

Showy Mountain Ash – Sorbus decora

General – a smooth-barked deciduous shrub or small tree up to 10 m high with a short trunk, slender, spreading branches, and a narrow, open round-topped crown; similar to American Mountain Ash but winter buds are sticky. Showy Mountain Ash Leaves – alternate; compound with 13-17, similar to American Mountain Ash but shorter and more … Read more

Western Hemlock – Tsuga Heterophylla

Distinguishing Features – A tall, coniferous, evergreen tree with a straight trunk, down-swept branches and open, pyramidal crown with a nodding tip; growing to a height of 30 – 50 m and a diameter of 1 m. Needles: nearly flat, soft, glossy, widely spaced along twigs, of two lengths with the shorter ones standing upright … Read more