Balsam Poplar – Populus Balsamifera

The balsam poplar is the northernmost North American hardwood. Other names are tacamahac, cottonwood, or heartleaf balsam poplar. General – medium to large-sized, averaging 23 – 30 m (75 – 100 ft) high, broadleaved hardwood. Crown narrow, pyramidal with thick, ascending branches. Branchlets moderately stout, round, shiny reddy-brown, orange lenticels, buds are reddish-brown to brown, … Read more

Plume Moss “Knight’s Plume”

General – green to golden-green, 3 – 12 cm long; branches somewhat upright to drooping, symmetrical, feather, tapered; plumes ‘well-groomed’; forms decorative mats. Leaves – branch leaves pleated, egg-shaped, to 2 mm long, all curled towards branch below; stem leaves pleated, curled towards stem base. Sporophytes – stalk reddish, 2 – 4.5 cm long; capsule … Read more

Red Pine – Pinus Resinosa

The red pine is also called Norway pine. It is one of the most extensively planted species in the northern United States and Canada. General – large-sized, averaging 23 – 32 m (75 – 105 ft) high, evergreen conifer. Crown sparse, oval, over a straight, limbless trunk with little taper. Branches spreading with foliage tufted … Read more

Norway Lemming – Lemmus Lemmus

Distinguishing Features – Length: 13 – 15 cm; Tail: 2 cm; stout bodies, thick fluffy fur, small ears, very short tails, and long claws. Habitat Tundra, grassy land of northern Scandinavia and western Russia. Diet Diet consists mainly of grass, little shrubs and above all, moss; also avaiable insects in summer. Notes The noticable marked … Read more

Minnow Family – Cyprinidae

The Minnow family Cyprinidae is perhaps the most diverse and dynamic group of fishes in the world. Members of this family can be found in all of our rivers and streams and in most lakes. Their range of environmental tolerance varies from those that are on the very extremes of their natural continental distribution and … Read more

Northern River Otter

Distinguishing Features – Overall colouration, dark brown, oily fur; throat silvery colour. Long muscular body; flattened head; short legs; webbed feet; long powerful tail. Size Male: .93 – 1.35 m (3.1 – 4.5 ft) Female: .87 – 1.14 m (2.9 – 3.8 ft) Habitat Throughout Northwestern Ontario, primarily in wooded shoreline areas of lakes, ponds, … Read more

Eastern Newt – Notophthalmus Viridescens

Distinguishing Features – Small. Overall colouration, reddy brown or green and have small black dots scattered about; undersides, yellow or yellow-orange with small black dots. Skin, rough. Four toes on the front feet and five on the back. Size 6.3 – 10 cm (2.5 – 4 in) Habitat Found in southern regions of Northwestern Ontario, … Read more

Fisher – Martes Pennanti

Distinguishing Features – Overall colouration, thick, lustrous fur, varying from dark brown to black; random whitish to cream coloured patches on chest. In winter, colouration tends to be darker. Legs, short; claws, semi-retractable. Fisher Size Male: .84 – 1.05 m (2.8 – 3.5 ft) Female: .75 – .93 m (2.5 – 3.1 ft) Habitat Throughout … Read more

Mink – Mustela vison

Distinguishing Features – Overall colouration, thick, soft lustrous coat varies from dark brown to black; oily guard hairs give fur glossy appearance. Underside, paler. White patch on lower lip. Body, long; legs, compact; feet, partially webbed. Mink Size Male: 49 – 62 cm (19.3 – 24.4 in) Female: 42 – 59.7 cm (16.5 – 23.5 … Read more

Arctic Lemming – Dicrostonyx Torquatus

Distinguishing Features – Length: 110 – 177 mm; Tail: 10 – 20 mm; Weight: 30 – 112 g. Soles of feet densely furred, ears entirely concealed in fur. In summer, upper body grayish- buff to dark-gray with buffy and reddish-brown aspects. In winter, white pelage and enlarged bifid claw on digit three and four of … Read more