Eastern Newt – Notophthalmus Viridescens

Distinguishing Features – Small. Overall colouration, reddy brown or green and have small black dots scattered about; undersides, yellow or yellow-orange with small black dots. Skin, rough. Four toes on the front feet and five on the back. Size 6.3 – 10 cm (2.5 – 4 in) Habitat Found in southern regions of Northwestern Ontario, … Read more

Fisher – Martes Pennanti

Distinguishing Features – Overall colouration, thick, lustrous fur, varying from dark brown to black; random whitish to cream coloured patches on chest. In winter, colouration tends to be darker. Legs, short; claws, semi-retractable. Fisher Size Male: .84 – 1.05 m (2.8 – 3.5 ft) Female: .75 – .93 m (2.5 – 3.1 ft) Habitat Throughout … Read more

Mink – Mustela vison

Distinguishing Features – Overall colouration, thick, soft lustrous coat varies from dark brown to black; oily guard hairs give fur glossy appearance. Underside, paler. White patch on lower lip. Body, long; legs, compact; feet, partially webbed. Mink Size Male: 49 – 62 cm (19.3 – 24.4 in) Female: 42 – 59.7 cm (16.5 – 23.5 … Read more

Arctic Lemming – Dicrostonyx Torquatus

Distinguishing Features – Length: 110 – 177 mm; Tail: 10 – 20 mm; Weight: 30 – 112 g. Soles of feet densely furred, ears entirely concealed in fur. In summer, upper body grayish- buff to dark-gray with buffy and reddish-brown aspects. In winter, white pelage and enlarged bifid claw on digit three and four of … Read more

Eurasian Beaver – Castor Fiber

Distinguishing Features – The European beaver has very little sexual dimorphism; the average male weighs about 22 kg and is 0.9 m long, while the average female weighs 23 kg and is 1 m long (slightly larger than the male). Beavers have stocky bodies with flattened hairless tails known as scoops. They have swimming membranes … Read more

Forest Management in Russia

Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, Russia has 22% of the world’s forest area (as defined by FAO – the most in the world. By comparison, the next largest forest countries are: Brazil with 16%, Canada 7% and U.S. 6 % of the world’s forest cover. The most often referred figure for Russia’s total forested … Read more

Pygmy Shrew – Sorex Hoyi

Distinguishing Features – Overall colouration, reddy-brown above with grayish or brownish underparts. Snout, long; legs, short; feet, clawed. Size 7.11 – 10.4 cm (2.8 – 4.1 in) Habitat Common throughout Northwestern Ontario in mixed wood environments, bogs and wet fields. Diet The pygmy shrew feeds mainly on insect larvae, beetles, spiders and carrion. Notes The … Read more

Common Tree Species – Northwestern Ontario Forest

Table of Contents Abies balsamea – Balsam Fir Acer rubrum – Red Maple Betula papyrifera – Paper Birch Fraxinus nigra – Black Ash Larix laricina – Tamarack Picea glauca – White Spruce Picea mariana – Black Spruce Pinus banksiana – Jack Pine Pinus resinosa – Red Pine Pinus strobus – Eastern White Pine Populus balsamifera … Read more

Shrubs, Herbs and Other Plants

  World Boreal Species of Common Shrubs   Acer circinatum – Vine Maple Alnus incana – Mountain Alder Amelanchier alnifolia – Western Serviceberry Cassiope mentensiana – White Mountain Heather Crataegus douglasii – Black Hawthorn Elaeagnus angustifolia – Russian Olive Kalmia angustifolia – Sheep Laurel Malus baccata – Siberian Crab Apple Myrica pensylvanica – Northern Bayberry … Read more

Green Alder – Alnus Crispa

General – A tall and spreading shrub, 3 – 8 m tall; bark thin, dull, reddish to greyish brown, smooth or slightly grooved; twigs slender, yellowish green to reddish brown, coated with very short grey hairs; buds slender, stalked, covered with grey hairs. Green AlderLeaves – Opposite, simple, 6 – 8 cm wide, 3-lobed, end … Read more