Eurasian Beaver – Castor Fiber

Distinguishing Features – The European beaver has very little sexual dimorphism; the average male weighs about 22 kg and is 0.9 m long, while the average female weighs 23 kg and is 1 m long (slightly larger than the male). Beavers have stocky bodies with flattened hairless tails known as scoops. They have swimming membranes … Read more

Pygmy Shrew – Sorex Hoyi

Distinguishing Features – Overall colouration, reddy-brown above with grayish or brownish underparts. Snout, long; legs, short; feet, clawed. Size 7.11 – 10.4 cm (2.8 – 4.1 in) Habitat Common throughout Northwestern Ontario in mixed wood environments, bogs and wet fields. Diet The pygmy shrew feeds mainly on insect larvae, beetles, spiders and carrion. Notes The … Read more

Brown Bear – “Grizzly”

Distinguishing Features – The brown bear (sometimes called a grizzly in North America) is a large animal, usually dark brown in color, though it can vary from a light creamy shade through to black. The long guard hairs over the shoulders and back are often tipped with white which, from a distance, gives a grizzled … Read more

Arctic Hare – Lepus Timidus Var. Lepus Arcticus

Distinguishing Features – Weight: 1 – 4 kg. This hare varies geographically depending on habitat and altitude. The length of the body and head ranges from 430 – 610 mm. Tail length can be as little as 40 mm or as long as 70 mm. Hind feet vary from 145 – 180 mm and ear … Read more

Ermine – Mustela Erminea

Distinguishing Features – Overall colouration – in summer, brown upperparts; creamy legs, sides and chest. Tail, long, tipped in black. In winter, colouration is pure white except for black-tipped tail. Ermine Size Male: 25.4 – 33 cm (10 – 13 in) Female: 21.5 – 26 cm (8.5 – 10.25 in) Habitat Wide range throughout Northwestern … Read more

Tundra Wolf – Canis Lupus Albus

Although they are called by different names in Canada, Alaska, Scandinavia and Russia, most northern wolves are considered to be a single species of Gray wolf Canis lupus. The gray wolf is the largest living member of the family Canidae. Largest individuals tend to occur in the northern forests of North America, with weights of … Read more

Red Squirrel – Tamiasciurus Hudsonicus

Distinguishing Features – Overall colouration, olivy-brown back and sides with blackish flecks; underside, greyish. Large, bushy tail, tawny coloured with blackish and buff highlights; eye, ringed in white, ears, tufted in red or black. Red Squirrel Size 28 – 34 cm (11 – 13.4 in) Habitat Widespread throughout Northwestern Ontario in various wooded environments; prefers … Read more

Capreolus Capreolus – Western Roe Deer

Western Roe Deer

Description Distinguishing Features – Small deer; height: average at shoulder 60 – 70cm. Males larger than females; weight: adults 18 – 29kg. Overall coloration, reddish brown in summer, grey in winter. Distinctive black mustache stripe, white chin. Appears tail-less with white/cream rump patch which is especially conspicuous when its hairs are puffed out when the … Read more