Branta Canadensis – Canada Goose

Distinguishing Features – Head and neck, black; large white patch on cheeks. The upper parts and wings are grayish-brown. Feathers tipped with browny-white. Underbody, browny-gray with pale feather tips.

Rump, slate; upper tail coverts, white; tail, black; lower belly and under tail coverts, white. Neck, long. Bill and legs, black. Male and female are essentially indistinguishable.

  • Size – 55.8 – 101.6 cm
  • (22.5 – 41 in)

Canada Goose


Around waterways and wetlands.


On the ground, close to water, sometimes in an abandoned large nest in a tree, or an artificial platform.

A nest is a depression in the ground lined with sticks and grasses, with an inner lining of down. Eggs, 4 – 6; white. Incubation period 24 – 28 days.


The Canada Goose is a widely-recognized national symbol and is readily identified up close or flying swiftly in V-formation during migration.

Its familiar call is a harsh, nasal Ka-ronk. The diet is varied, consisting of small aquatic life and insects to plant roots and grains.

You can also check out our posts on wood duck and mallard.