Haliaeetus Leucocephalus – Bald Eagle

Distinguishing Features – Bald Eagle has a predominantly dark-brown with pure white head, neck, tail and tail coverts. Bill and feet, yellow. Females significantly larger than the male.


  • Male: 76 – 86 cm (30.5 – 34.5 in)
  • Female: 89 – 94 cm (35.5 – 37.5 in)

Bald Eagle


Primarily near waterways such as wilderness lakes and larger rivers.


Mostly at the tops of large trees. The nest is made of larger twigs, reeds, and weeds, lined with available soft materials.

  • Eggs, 1 – 3; small, white.
  • Incubation period is 34 – 36 days.


The Bald Eagle is unmistakable because of its large size and characteristic markings.

However, its silhouette can be mistaken for a Golden Eagle as it soars high in the thermals. It is a raptor (bird of prey) and feeds on small mammals (mostly rodents) and fish.

Don’t be shy to check out our post on Golden eagle, as it is very similar to this one, but there are a few key differences.