Bracken Fern – Pteridium Aquilinum

General – only large northern fern with a three part form on a tall stalk (all other large ferns have single fronds rising from the rootstalk); fronds arising singly from a deeply subterranean, much-branched rhizome; commonly found in large patches; up to 1 m high. Bracken Fern Leaves – single, horizontally growing; broad, triangle-shaped; leaflets … Read more

Paper Birch/White Birch – Betula Papyrifera

General – small to medium-sized, averaging 16 m (54 ft) high, broadleaved hardwood with a small, open crown of spreading and ascending branches. Branchlets are slender and a red-brown. On young trees, trunk bark is reddish-brown but turns to its characteristic white colour as the tree matures. The trunk generally divides low into several arching … Read more

Rock Bass – Ambloplites Rupestris

Distinguishing Features – Brown-gold colouring, fading to whitish on belly. Sides patterned with small dark brown spots. Bright red eyes. Size – Maximum Weight – 225 g (1/2 lb). Habitat Found throughout NW Ontario to Manitoba border in vegetated and rocky areas of rivers, streams and lakes. Notes A favourite of young anglers, the rock … Read more

Eastern White Pine – Pinus Strobus

General – large-sized, averaging 22 – 36 m (72 – 118 ft) high, evergreen conifer. Crown full, spreading, generally irregularly shaped. Branchlets slender, gray-green to orange-brown in color. Trunk shows little taper and is generally branchless for over 1/2 its height. Trunk bark on young trees, thin, smooth and gray-green in color. Later becoming thick, … Read more

Spring Peeper – Pseudacris Crucifer

Distinguishing Features – One of the smallest frog species in Northwestern Ontario. Overall colouration, varies from gray to varied shades of brown. Some may appear rust red or orange. As with many other frogs, shade of color is affected by temperature. A characteristic dark X intersects the back. Random dark dashes often mark the body. … Read more

Forest Management in Scandinavia

Sustainability and long-term thinking have been key concepts in Scandinavian forestry long before sustainability became a buzz word for environmentalists and politicians around the world. Scandinavian foresters have been working towards sustainable forestry for more than 100 years, although, if we are to be strictly honest, for many years the focus was on trees and … Read more

Kayla Quinn – “Our Forests, Our Future”

Imagine a world with bright blue skies, a glowing sun full of hope, a sparkling waterfall flowing down a grand mountain, the greenest grass you ever saw, there are kids playing in the backyards, not a cloud in sight or it could go the other way. Now imagine a world with murky, gray skies, smog … Read more

Large-toothed Aspen – Populus Grandidentata

The Large-toothed aspen is also called bigtooth aspen, poplar, or popple. General – medium to large-sized averaging 18 – 24 m (60 – 80 ft) high, broadleaved hardwood. Crown loose, open, irregular. Branches coarse, spreading. Branchlets dull brownish-gray with gray buds which are usually pubescent and divergent. Trunk with little taper, mainly branchless below the … Read more

Bobcat – Lynx Rufus

Distinguishing Features – Overall colouration, tawny brown above, dotted with numerous blackish spots along the midline of the back. Underside, whitish with dark spots. Short tail, blackish above and white below. Legs, tawny with blackish horizontal streaks. Prominent streaked ruff on cheeks extending below the jaw. Ears, short with dark ear tufts. Can be mistaken … Read more

Speckled Alder – Alnus Rugosa

General – – shrub or small tree up to 4 metres (13 feet) high; branchiets light reddish-brown, hairy, not sticky; older twigs dark brown to purplish-black, hairless, dotted with conspicuous light warty dots, pith 3-sided; often growing in clumps or thickets, hummock-forming. Speckled Alder Leaves – Leaves – alternate; egg-shaped or broadly oval, rounded to … Read more