Herbs and Other Plant Species of the World's Boreal Forests

World Boreal Trees

Terminology | Pictorial

Lilium canadense
Canada Lily
Liliaceae (Lily Family)

A magnificent tall woodland lily, growing to a height of 60 - 150 cm.


Canada Lily Distinguishing Features - Leaves: >15 cm long; lanceolate, in whorls of 4 to 10, with veins beneath bearing minute prickles. Flowers: from yellow to orange-red with dark spots, 5 - 7.5 cm wide; 3 petals and 3 petal-like sepals arch outward but not backward; 6 stamens, with brown anthers. Fruit: an erect capsule 2.5 - 5 cm long.


Native to eastern North America; Ontario, Quebec, and Nova Scotia; south to New England and beyond; in rich, moist soil conditions, wet meadows, woodlands and ditches.


The flower buds and roots were once gathered and eaten by North American Indians.

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