borealforest.org

 
BACK

Common Shrub Species of the Northwest Forest

TREES

HERBS

GRAMINOIDS

FERNS & FERN-ALLIES

BROPHYTES & LICHENS

GLOSSARIES
Terminology | Pictorial

   
Chamaedaphne calyculata
Leatherleaf
Ericaceae (Heath Family)

Description

General - a low, evergreen, rhizomatous shrublet, usually 20 - 60 cm tall; twigs hairy or scaly, branches many, forming dense thickets.

Leatherleaf Leaves - tough, leathery evergreen leaf, alternate; oblong, elliptic or lance-shaped, 1-4 cm long with white or brownish scales, primarily on lower surface; stalks short with minutely round-toothed or smooth edges.

Flowers - tiny white bell shaped in one-sided racemes of 1-15 or more in leafy clusters at branch tips; petals 5-7 mm long; appearing in May to early June.

Fruit - persistent, many-seeded, 5-chambered, round, capsules, 3-5 mm wide, split open along lengthwise slits.

Habitat

A dominant shrub in dwarf shrub wetland communities, occurring in pure stands on floating mats and in mixed stands that are grounded. A true bog species found in practically all boreal bogs; occurs in lowland sites, treed or treeless bogs, peatlands, sedge fens and meadows, black spruce muskegs, and kettle pond edges. Generally the first shrub to enter a bog after sphagnum is established.


Return to Top of Page



Home | Forest Capital of Canada | About Our Website |
Ontario's North (West) Forest | Boreal Forests of the World | North (West) Forest Industry |
World Links and Resources | "Forest Finder" Search Engine | Educational Resources |
What's Happening | Contacts | Site Map |