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Common Shrub Species of the Northwest Forest

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HERBS

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Terminology | Pictorial

   
Salix humilis
Upland Willow
Salicaceae (Willow Family)

Description

General - low to medium sized shrub to 3 m tall; twigs yellowish-brown to dark brown, gray-pubescent; branchlets strongly ascending, brown, gray-pubescent.

Upland Willow Leaves - alternate; dark green and glabrous above, glaucous and short-pubescent below with conspicuous yellow veins, oblanceolate to obovate, acute, 4-8 cm long and 1-2.5 cm wide, margins coarsely and irregularly toothed or almost entire.

Flowers - borne on catkins 1-3 cm long, dark brown or purplish; male and female catkins on separate plants; appearing before the leaves in late May to early June.

Fruit - long, egg-shaped capsules 6-9 mm long on the female catkins, finely grey-hairy; maturing in June.

Habitat

Throughout southern regions of NW Ontario's boreal forest, primarily in evergreen dominated stands with dry/fresh, sandy and coarse loamy soils; also along forest edges, disturbed ground and roadsides.

Notes

Refer to Pussy Willow for additional notes.

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