Home

<··· Back to Previous

<<··· Back to Home
 

Contact Us

Ulf T. Runesson

Faculty of Natural
Resources Management,
Lakehead University

955 Oliver Road,
Thunder Bay, Ontario,
Canada P7B 5E1

Phone:
     (807) 343-8784

Fax:
     (807) 346-7769

E-Mail:
     ulf.runesson@lakeheadu.ca
 





                               Provincial Parks Act

                               R.S.O. 1990, c. P-34

Amended by: 1994, c. 27, s. 132; 1996, c. 14, s. 3; 1997, c. 41, s. 124; 1998,
c. 18, Sched. I, ss. 41-47.


Definitions

 1.  In this Act,

     "assistant superintendent" means a person who is designated by the Minister
     as an assistant superintendent for the purposes of this Act and the
     regulations; ("directeur adjoint")

     "conservation officer" means a conservation officer under the Fish and
     Wildlife Conservation Act, 1997; ("agent de protection de la nature")

     "district manager" means the person in charge of the administrative
     district of the Ministry of Natural Resources in which a provincial park is
     situate; ("chef de district")

     "management plan" means a program and policy, or any part thereof, prepared
     from time to time in respect of a provincial park or proposed provincial
     park and includes the maps, texts and other material describing such
     program and policy; ("plan directeur")

     "Minister" means the Minister of Natural Resources; ("ministre")

     "park warden" means a person who is designated by the Minister as a park
     warden for the purposes of this Act and the regulations; ("gardien de
     parc")

     "provincial park" includes provincial camp grounds, provincial picnic
     grounds and provincial camp and picnic grounds; ("parc provincial")

     "public lands" means lands belonging to Her Majesty in right of Ontario,
     whether or not covered with water; ("terres publiques")

     "regulations" means the regulations made under this Act; ("règlements")

     "superintendent" means a person who is designated by the Minister as a
     superintendent to have charge of a provincial park. ("directeur") R.S.O.
     1990, c. P.34, s. 1; 1997, c. 41, s. 124 (1); 1998, c. 18, Sched. I, s. 41.

Parks dedicated to public

 2.  All provincial parks are dedicated to the people of the Province of Ontario
     and others who may use them for their healthful enjoyment and education,
     and the provincial parks shall be maintained for the benefit of future
     generations in accordance with this Act and the regulations. R.S.O. 1990,
     c. P.34, s. 2.

Existing parks continued

 3.  (1) All provincial parks in existence when this Act comes into force shall
         continue to be reserved, set apart and known as provincial parks.

New parks and additions, etc.

     (2) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may set apart as a provincial park
         any area in Ontario, may increase or decrease the area of any
         provincial park and may delimit any provincial park.

Acquisition of land

     (3) Land may be acquired under the Ministry of Government Services Act for
         the purposes of this Act.

Unopened road allowances vested in Crown

     (4) Despite the Municipal Act, every unopened road allowance that is within
         a provincial park and that has not been closed and conveyed shall be
         deemed to have been vested in the Crown from the day on which the
         provincial park was established or the area in which the unopened road
         allowance is located was added to a provincial park, as the case may
         be, and the Minister may close to travel any such road allowance one
         month after having caused notice of the proposed closing to be
         published once a week for four consecutive weeks in a newspaper having
         general circulation in the locality in which the road allowance is
         located or one month after having caused such a notice to be posted in
         a conspicuous place at or near the road allowance.

Municipal purposes

     (5) For municipal purposes, any land set apart as a provincial park or
         added thereto shall, so long as it remains part of the provincial park,
         be deemed to be separated from any municipality of which it formed a
         part immediately before it became a provincial park or a part thereof.

Judicial purposes

     (6) For judicial purposes, any land set apart as a provincial park or added
         thereto shall continue to form part of the county, if any, of which it
         formed a part immediately before it became a provincial park or a part
         thereof.

Tax assistance, assessment

     (7) Despite subsection (5), for the purposes of the Municipal Tax
         Assistance Act, any land set apart as a provincial park or added
         thereto shall be deemed not to be separated from the municipality of
         which it formed a part immediately before it became a provincial park
         or a part thereof. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.34, s. 3.

Hunting in designated provincial parks

 4.  The Lieutenant Governor in Council may designate any provincial park or any
     part of a provincial park as an area in which section 9 of the Fish and
     Wildlife Conservation Act, 1997 does not apply from and including the
     Tuesday following the second Monday in October to and including the 31st
     day of March next following. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.34, s. 4; 1997, c. 41,
     s. 124 (2).

Classification of provincial parks

 5. The Lieutenant Governor in Council may classify any provincial park as a
    natural environment park, a historical park, a nature reserve, a wilderness
    park, a recreation park and a waterway park or such other class of park as
    the Lieutenant Governor in Council may designate. 1998, c. 18, Sched. I,
    s. 42.

Advisory committees

 6.  The Minister, with the approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, may
     appoint committees to perform such advisory functions as are considered
     necessary or desirable in connection with the administration of one or more
     of the provincial parks and fix the terms of reference and procedures of
     such committees. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.34, s. 6.

Administration

 7.  (1) Each provincial park is under the control and management of the
Minister
         and shall be under the charge of a district manager or a superintendent
         designated by the Minister. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.34, s. 7 (1).

Zoning in provincial parks

     (2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), in the management of
         a provincial park the Minister may from time to time define areas on
         maps or plans, designate such areas as zones, and classify any zone as
         an historical zone, natural environment zone, wilderness zone, nature
         reserve zone, access zone, development zone and recreation-utilization
         zone or otherwise as the Minister considers proper. R.S.O. 1990,
         c. P.34, s. 7 (2); 1998, c. 18, Sched. I, s. 43.

Idem

     (3) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), the district manager
         or the superintendent, with the approval of the Minister, may, in
         respect of the provincial park under his or her charge,

         (a) construct and operate on public lands golf courses, bowling greens
             or other facilities for sports or amusement;

         (b) construct and operate on public lands restaurants, refreshment
             booths, shops, sleeping accommodations and other facilities for the
             convenience of the public;

         (c) construct and operate on public lands toilet, dressing-room,
             picnic, camping, cooking, bathing, parking and other facilities for
             the convenience of the public;

         (d) acquire and operate boats, vehicles and other means of
             transportation in connection with the park;

         (e) make agreements with respect to the establishment or operation of
             any works, facilities or services on public lands;

         (f) prescribe, by the erection, posting or other display of notices,
             the time or times of the day or year during which the park or any
             part thereof is open or closed, as the case may be, for the use of
             the public;

         (g) erect, post or otherwise display notices in the provincial park
             that,

             (i) prohibit camping, or prohibit camping for a period longer than
                 a specified maximum period, in specified locations at specified
                 times of the year, or

            (ii) prohibit the operation of power boats, or power boats of a
                 specified horsepower, in specified locations at specified times
                 of the day or year. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.34, s. 7 (3); 1994,
                 c. 27, s. 132 (1); 1996, c. 14, s. 3 (1).

Fees and rentals

7.1  The Minister may establish and charge,

     (a) fees for entrance into provincial parks of persons, vehicles, boats or
         aircraft;

     (b) fees for the use of provincial parks or of any facilities or services
         in provincial parks; and

     (c) fees and rentals for any licence, permit, lease or other right issued,
         made or given in respect of a provincial park. 1996, c. 14, s. 3 (2).

Separate account

7.2  (1) The following amounts shall be held in a separate account in the
         Consolidated Revenue Fund:

         1. All fines, fees and rentals paid under this Act or the regulations.

         2. All amounts received by the Crown under agreements made under this
            Act or the regulations.

         3. All costs recovered by the Crown under subsection 22 (3).

Money in account

     (2) Money standing to the credit of the separate account is, for the
         purpose of the Financial Administration Act, money paid to Ontario for
         a special purpose.

Payments out of account

     (3) The Minister may direct that money be paid out of the separate account
         to the Minister or a person specified by the Minister if,

         (a) the payment will be used for a purpose related to provincial parks;
             or

         (b) the payment will be used to,

             (i) refund all or part of an amount paid under this Act or the
                 regulations, or

            (ii) make a payment under subsection 15 (2).

Annual report

     (4) The Minister shall ensure that a report is prepared annually on the
         financial affairs of the separate account.

Tabling of report

     (5) The Minister shall submit the report to the Lieutenant Governor in
         Council and shall table the report in the Legislative Assembly. 1996,
         c. 14, s. 3 (3).

Management plan

 8.  (1) The Minister may prepare a management plan in respect of any provincial
         park or proposed provincial park. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.34, s. 8 (1); 1998,
         c. 18, Sched. I, s. 44 (1).

Idem

     (2) The Minister may review a management plan from time to time and make
         amendments thereto. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.34, s. 8 (2); 1998, c. 18,
         Sched. I, s. 44 (2).

Access roads to provincial parks, in municipalities

 9.  (1) The Minister and any municipality, with the approval of the Lieutenant
         Governor in Council, may enter into agreement for the construction or
         maintenance of a road or the reconstruction or maintenance of an
         existing road under the jurisdiction and control of the municipality
         for the purpose of providing access to a provincial park, and the
         provincial share of the cost thereof may be paid out of the money
         appropriated therefor by the Legislature.

Idem

     (2) A road constructed, reconstructed or maintained under an agreement made
         under subsection (1) remains under the jurisdiction and control of the
         municipality.

Idem, in unorganized territory

     (3) The Minister, with the approval of the Lieutenant Governor in Council,
         may arrange with the road commissioners elected under the Statute
         Labour Act or with a person who is the owner of land in territory
         without municipal organization for the construction or maintenance of a
         road therein for the purpose of providing access to a provincial park,
         and the provincial share of the cost thereof may be paid out of the
         money appropriated therefor by the Legislature. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.34,
         s. 9.

Gifts

10.  (1) The Minister may receive and take from any person by grant, gift,
         devise, bequest or otherwise, any property, real or personal, or any
         interest therein, for the purposes of a provincial park.

Surface rights

     (2) Where only the surface rights in lands are received and taken by the
         Minister under subsection (1) and the mines and minerals are not vested
         in the Crown, subsection 20 (1) does not apply to such lands. R.S.O.
         1990, c. P.34, s. 10.

Inquiry into leases, etc.

11.  (1) The Minister may inquire into and ascertain all the facts concerning
         all leases and other agreements in respect of any lands in a provincial
         park.

Cancellation of leases

     (2) If the Minister is satisfied that any person claiming to be entitled to
         any rights in respect of public lands in a provincial park, or any
         person claiming under or through such person, has been guilty of a
         fraud or imposition, or has contravened any of the conditions of a
         lease or other agreement, the Minister may cancel such lease or other
         agreement and resume the land and dispose of it as if the lease or
         other agreement had never been made, and upon such cancellation all
         money paid in respect of such lease or other agreement remains the
         property of the Crown and the improvements, if any, on the land are
         forfeited to the Crown.

Power to acquire possession

     (3) Where a person refuses to deliver up land or where a trespasser is in
         possession, the Minister may obtain possession in a manner similar to
         that provided in section 24 of the Public Lands Act. R.S.O. 1990,
         c. P.34, s. 11.

Use and occupation of public lands

12.  Except as provided by this Act or the regulations, no person shall use or
     occupy any public lands in a provincial park. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.34, s. 12.

Powers of superintendent, etc.

13.  The superintendent, the assistant superintendent, a park warden and a
     conservation officer have all the power and authority of a member of the
     Ontario Provincial Police as it relates to the enforcement of this Act, the
     Liquor Licence Act, the Trespass to Property Act, the Highway Traffic Act,
     the Criminal Code (Canada), the Off-Road Vehicles Act and the Motorized
     Snow Vehicles Act within a provincial park. 1998, c. 18, Sched. I, s. 45.

Seizure and confiscation

14.  Any person having the power and authority of a member of the Ontario
     Provincial Police Force may seize any motor or other vehicle, or any
     aircraft, or any boat, skiff, canoe, punt or other vessel, or any equipment
     or appliance, or any other article used in contravention of this Act and
     found in the possession of a person suspected of having committed an
     offence against this Act or the regulations, and upon conviction therefor
     the court may order the chattel so confiscated to be forfeited to the Crown
     in right of Ontario, and after the expiration of thirty days it may be
     disposed of in such manner as the Minister considers proper. R.S.O. 1990,
     c. P.34, s. 14.

Lost, mislaid or abandoned property

15.  (1) Any lost, mislaid or abandoned property coming into the custody of the
         district manager, superintendent or other person in charge of a
         provincial park and not claimed by the owner within three months is the
         property of the Crown in right of Ontario and may be sold under the
         direction of the Minister, but, where any such property is perishable
         or has no commercial value, it may be given to a charitable institution
         or destroyed. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.34, s. 15 (1).

Idem

     (2) Where a person establishes to the satisfaction of the Minister within
         one year of the date of sale that the person was the owner of property
         sold under subsection (1), the Minister may direct the payment to such
         person of an amount equal to the price received for the property less
         the cost of the sale and other expenses incurred in connection with the
         property. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.34, s. 15 (2); 1996, c. 14, s. 3 (4).

Roads, trails and portages

16.  (1) The district manager or superintendent in charge of a provincial park
         may open or close to travel any road or trail in the provincial park
         that is not under the control of the Ministry of Transportation, or any
         portage in the provincial park.

Prohibition against travel on closed road

     (2) No person who has knowledge of the closing of a road or trail under
         subsection (1) shall travel thereon. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.34, s. 16.

Definition

17.  (1) In this section,

         "road" includes a trail.

Stop signs

     (2) The district manager or superintendent in charge of a provincial park
         may erect at the entrance to the provincial park or at the intersection
         of any roads therein a stop sign conforming with the regulations under
         the Highway Traffic Act.

Stop at entrances

     (3) The driver or operator of a vehicle, upon approaching a stop sign at
         the entrance to a provincial park, shall bring the vehicle to a full
         stop at a clearly marked stop line or, if none, then immediately before
         proceeding past the stop sign.

Stop at through road

     (4) The driver or operator of a vehicle,

         (a) upon approaching a stop sign at an intersection in a provincial
             park, shall bring the vehicle to a full stop at a clearly marked
             stop line or, if none, then immediately before entering the nearest
             crosswalk or, if none, then immediately before entering the
             intersection; and

         (b) upon entering the intersection, shall yield the right of way to
             traffic in the intersection or approaching the intersection on
             another road so closely that it constitutes an immediate hazard and
             having so yielded the right of way may proceed with caution and the
             traffic approaching the intersection on another road shall yield
             the right of way to the vehicle so proceeding in the intersection.
             R.S.O. 1990, c. P.34, s. 17.

18.  Repealed: 1994, c. 27, s. 132 (2).

Conservation of wildlife, etc.

19.  Subject to the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act, 1997 and the regulations
     under that Act, the Minister may take such measures as the Minister
     considers proper for the protection in a provincial park of fish, wildlife
     and invertebrates within the meaning of that Act and for the protection in
     a provincial park of any property of the Crown. 1997, c. 41, s. 124 (3).

Prospecting, mining, etc.

20.  (1) Subject to the regulations, prospecting, staking mining claims,
         developing mineral interests, working mines or extracting sand, gravel,
         topsoil or peat resources in provincial parks is prohibited. 1998,
         c. 18, Sched. I, s. 46.

Licences of occupation

     (2) A licence of occupation may be issued under the regulations to the
         recorded holder of a lawfully staked mining claim in a provincial park.

No title acquired in surface rights

     (3) The staker or recorded holder of a mining claim or the holder of a
         licence of occupation issued to the recorded holder of a mining claim
         does not acquire any right, title or interest in or to the surface
         rights in the land.

Necessary use of surface rights

     (4) Where it is necessary to interfere with the surface rights in any such
         land in order to carry on mining operations, the district manager or
         superintendent in charge of the provincial park in which the land is
         may permit such interference with the surface rights as he or she
         considers necessary. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.34, s. 20 (2-4).

Agreements re powers and duties

20.1 (1) The Minister may enter into an agreement with any person authorizing or
         requiring the person to exercise any power or perform any duty that is
         granted to or vested in the Minister or a superintendent under this
         Act.

Exceptions

     (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to the powers of the Minister under
         sections 10 and 14.

Terms and conditions

     (3) An agreement under subsection (1) may contain such terms and conditions
         as the Minister considers appropriate.

Deeds and contracts

     (4) Section 6 of the Executive Council Act does not apply to a deed or
         contract that is executed under an agreement made under subsection (1).

Offence

     (5) A person who enters into an agreement with the Minister under
         subsection (1) and knowingly contravenes the agreement is guilty of an
         offence and, on conviction, is liable to a fine of not more than
         $25,000.

Limitation period

     (6) A proceeding in respect of an offence under subsection (5) shall not be
         commenced more than five years after the date on which the offence was,
         or is alleged to have been, committed. 1996, c. 14, s. 3 (5).

Regulations

21.  (1) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations,

         (a) for the care, preservation, improvement, control and management of
             the provincial parks;

         (b) regulating and controlling prospecting or the staking out of mining
             claims or the development of mineral interest or the working of
             mines in provincial parks;

         (c) prohibiting or regulating and controlling the occupation of public
             lands in provincial parks or designating areas therein in which
             land may be leased or occupied under licence of occupation and
             describing such areas by metes and bounds or in relation to
             highways, lakes, rivers or railways;

         (d) regulating and controlling the use of lands in provincial parks;

         (e) prohibiting the erection of buildings or structures in provincial
             parks, or regulating and controlling the nature, cost, type of
             construction or the location of buildings or structures that may be
             erected therein;

         (f) governing the granting, issue, form, renewal, transfer and
             cancellation of leases, licences of occupation and other rights to
             public lands in provincial parks and prescribing terms and
             conditions in connection therewith;

         (g) prohibiting or regulating and controlling the use or keeping of
             horses, dogs and other animals in provincial parks;

         (h) prohibiting or regulating and controlling the erection, posting or
             other display of notices, signs, signboards and other advertising
             devices in provincial parks;

         (i) prohibiting or regulating and controlling the use, setting out and
             extinguishment of fires in provincial parks;

         (j) prohibiting or regulating and controlling pedestrian, vehicular,
             boat or air traffic in provincial parks;

         (k) prohibiting or regulating and controlling and issuing permits for
             the use of vehicles, boats or aircraft or any defined class thereof
             in provincial parks;

         (l) for issuing permits to persons to enter and travel in provincial
             parks;

         (m) prohibiting or regulating, controlling and licensing trades,
             businesses, amusements, sports, occupations and other activities or
             undertakings in provincial parks;

         (n) regulating, controlling and licensing and requiring the use of
             guides in provincial parks;

                                      . . . . .

         (p) prescribing the maximum periods of stay of persons, vehicles,
             boats, vessels or aircraft in provincial parks;

                                      . . . . .

         (r) respecting any matter necessary or advisable to carry out
             effectively the intent and purpose of this Act. R.S.O. 1990,
             c. P.34, s. 21 (1); 1996, c. 14, s. 3 (6).

Application

     (2) Any regulation under subsection (1) may be made applicable to all
         provincial parks or to any provincial park or to any class of
         provincial park or to any part or zone of a provincial park. R.S.O.
         1990, c. P.34, s. 21 (2).

Offence

22.  (1) Every person who contravenes any of the provisions of this Act or of
         the regulations is guilty of an offence and on conviction is liable to
         a fine of not more than $25,000. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.34, s. 22 (1); 1998,
         c. 18, Sched. I, s. 47.

Restraint by action

     (2) Where any regulation is contravened, in addition to any other remedy
         and to any penalty, the contravention may be restrained by action at
         the instance of the Minister. R.S.O. 1990, c. P.34, s. 22 (2).

Recovery of restoration costs

     (3) If a person is convicted of an offence under subsection (1) and if the
         Crown in right of Ontario repairs or restores any of the facilities or
         other property that were damaged as a result of the offence, the cost
         to the Crown of the repair or restoration is a debt due to the Crown by
         the person convicted of the offence and may be recovered in a court of
         competent jurisdiction. 1994, c. 27, s. 132 (3).

Niagara and St. Lawrence Parks not affected

23.  Nothing in this Act applies to or affects any park under the management of
     The Niagara Parks Commission or The St. Lawrence Parks Commission. R.S.O.
     1990, c. P.34, s. 23.





http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/
Ontario Statutes and Regulations

http://www.ert.gov.on.ca/index30.htm
Environmental Review Tribunal

http://www.ene.gov.on.ca/envision/env_reg/er/registry.htm
Environmental Registry of Ontario

http://www.ene.gov.on.ca/envision/env_reg/ebr/index.htm
Environmental Bill of Rights Homepage

http://www.eco.on.ca/
Environmental Commissioner of Ontario

http://www.mnr.gov.on.ca/
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources
Last Modified: January 20, 2014 15:01:06. 
Copyright © 2011 Faculty of Natural Resources Management, Lakehead University. All Rights Reserved.