Boraginaceae (Borage Family)
General - an erect perennial from woody base; one to several stems; growing 20 - 80 cm tall, sometimes up to 1 m; hairy.
Leaves - with prominent veins, coarsely rough-hairy above or on both sides; basal leaves long-stalked, egg- to heart-shaped; stem leaves narrower, 3 - 15 cm long, short-stalked; smaller, stalkless upwards.
Flowers - few to many in branched clusters at stem tips or from upper leaf axils, congested at first, more open later; petals blue, sometimes pink or white, bell-shaped, 8 - 15 mm long, drooping, with protruding styles.; appearing mid-summer.
Fruit - four nutlets, 2.5 - 5 mm long, wrinkled; ripening late-summer to early-fall.
Moist woods, thickets, meadows and streambanks; widespread across boreal forest and northern parkland.
The dried leaves were used in herbal tea mixtures, especially when treating the lungs. (It was considered stimulating to the respiratory system.) Externally, the leaves can be used as poultices on cuts and wounds. Northern Bluebell can be used as a potherb, but is a bit too hairy for salads.
Return to Top of Page
| Ontario's North (West) Forest | Boreal Forests of the World | North (West) Forest Industry |
| World Links and Resources | "Forest Finder" Search Engine | Educational Resources |
| What's Happening | Contacts | Site Map |